Isolation, even oblivion, has left its traces in Teruel. In many areas of the province, the desert prevails by loneliness. This territory suffers from an historic deficit in infrastructures that has contributed to the exodus of its rural population to other places. The villages have gone empty. Teruel has, with Soria, the lowest density of population in Spain: 9 inhabitants by square kilometer. It is estimated that every month it loses a hundred of habitants.
The government of Aragon has decided to keep schools open in rural areas as long as there are 3 students, and this measure has saved hundreds of schools from closure. In Teruel, there are 24 schools with less than 6 students. But if school closes, this means the beginning of the end, so it is key to save schools despite the bigger effort in resources. The fight against depopulation is the biggest challenge that faces the province. This also happens in other inner rural areas in Spain. After decades of social denounce, this issue is in the political agenda. The objective is to reverse the trend, to correct the rural breach, and to guarantee equity of opportunities for all the citizens, no matter where they live. And Teruel can offer some successful cases.
In Sarrion, for example, they have found a gold mine: the cropping of the black truffle. This industry has attracted workforce. Its school is increasing the number of students. Other village, Castelserás is the best example of the pairing of self-employment and the internet. This is probably the village with the highest ratio of e-commerce by inhabitant in Spain. They sell knives, computer consumables, toys, regional customs, food… even alfalfa online. And the population is settling down. Close to the capital, the Teruel Airport Platform has become a parking for big aircrafts, and in 6 years it has become the bigger in Europe. It has attracted specialized workers and it has revitalized the region.