Gambia has become a reference of Democracy in Africa.
Its transition is a model but it is not free from threats.
Last January, an unprecedented event in the recent history of Africa took place; the fall of the regime of the dictator Yahya Jammeh in Gambia, without any bloodshed. This meant a step forward to democracy. President Adama Barrow, leading a coalition in the opposition, won the elections in December 2016.
Dictator Jammeh, after 22 years in power, first refused to leave power. But after an intense combination of diplomacy, exercised by democratic African leaders, and the military threat, made him fled the country to exile in Equatorial Guinea.
Gambia is now an example in Africa. It may be used as a model for other countries claiming for a transition from dictatorial regimes o autocrats to democracies.
From the European point of view, it is important to know if those peaceful changes may help reduce the migratory flux. Our team could speak with three young Gambians who have just returned from Libya voluntarily after trying to migrate illegally to Europe.
Journalist and activist for Human Rights, Sainey MK Marenah, is our guide in our visit to the new Gambia. After the fall of the dictator, he returned from exile. He was forced to leave the country after spending several months in the dungeons of the regime.
But the country is not free from threats. Supporters of the dictator lurk around, clinging to the old days, and some incidents have happened, some of them violent, as we witnessed ourselves in Kaniali, Jammeh’s hometown. The new government faces also to important challenges such as provide a good education, health care, electricity, gas and potable water to its citizens, after Jammah depleted their natural resources.